Tag Archives: artifacts

Archaeological Equipments Used to Excavate Historical Sites

Archaeological Equipments, archeology is often associated with digging holes to search for relics of the past.  Therefore, archeology is the study of human culture for centuries by combining history and geology at the same time.  Here, you dig deeper into events in the past, study all the ancient relics, and also study artifacts in terms of how to find to estimate the age of these artifacts.

Studying Archeology and Its Profession

Basically, there are some of the advantages of studying archeology and its profession.  What are they?

  • Archeologists have the skills and expertise to gather information from the past.
  • Archeologists often travel to unexpected places that are out of the ordinary to many travelers.
  • With many travel experiences to various ancient heritage sites and the knowledge of archeology, many archeologists become a travel writer and create comprehensive writings.
  • Archeologists also work in museums and are involved in organizing a museum.
  • Archeologists master ancient characters and languages, as well as ​​translating the writings on the inscription.

So, are you picturing an Indiana Jones movie right now?  More interestingly, if you’re so curious of the historical discoveries that those archeologists have found, then you should know the tools they used behind the excavation of these historical objects.  What are they?

  1. Archaeological Equipments:

  • Total station— a tool that allows archaeologists to create an accurate three-dimensional map of an archaeological site (topography, the location of artifacts within the site, and the placement of excavation units).
  • Hoe— a special broad blade tool resembles a chisel, used to dig and break hard ground.
  • Dust pan— a tool used to remove piles of excavated soil neatly and cleanly from the excavation unit.
  • Coal scoop— a tool used to move excavated soil and transfer it easily to the filter without disturbing the surface of the test unit.
  • Shaker screen— a tool used to filter the soil, allowing artifacts to remain safe and undamaged.
  • Marshalltown trowels— a small shovel-shaped tool with a flat and sharp tip.
  • Plains trowel— a trowel-shaped tool with a straight, flat tip, used for working in narrow angles and keeping the lines straight.
  • Bucket auger— a long pipe tool with a bucket used to explore archaeological sites buried several meters below ground level.
  1. Lab Equipments:

  • Flotation device— a tool used to filter or separate the soil attached to the artifact by watering it to keep the artifact from damage.
  • Drying rack— a tool used to dry artifacts found in the field prior to analysis. Mostly, drying racks are quite big, so that the artifacts found can be placed in the order they were found.
  • Weighers and gauges— tools used to weigh newly discovered artifacts.
  • Analytical equipment— simple instruments, mainly capillaries and cotton gloves. Capillaries are used for measurement and analysis of artifacts before storage, while gloves are intended to prevent cross-contamination.
  • Artifact catalogues— a tool used to record any artifacts found and collected from archaeological sites. All artifacts found were listed and marked in detail and preserved for future research.

Above is a brief explanation regarding the equipment used by archaeologists in the field of archeology.  With the archaeological tools that excavation explorers use, we can learn that these ancient objects, both in the ground or underneath the water, actually have amazing stories to tell.