Survey is one of the most important processes in archaeology. It is usually field research to search for archaeological sites so the information will be collected. Information found in the archaeological sites through survey include the location, distribution, and organization of past human culture. The sites are usually across a large area but they are not always specifically the same. Through survey, archaeologists can find and detect patterns regarding to distribution of material culture over regions, thus, it will be easier to generalize and test hypothesis about the cultures in the past.
Methods of surveys in archaeology projects
Archaeologists use different methods when conducting a survey in particular sites. A survey can be intrusive or non-intrusive and can also be extensive or intensive. You see, one of the most crucial processes of archaeology projects is excavation. However, it needs to be calculated through proper survey. A survey can help archaeologists whether or not they need to proceed excavation to the sites. Excavation is crucial because it is when archaeologists can obtain information needed for particular subject of the research.
It can be said that survey is an assessment archaeologists done to potential archaeological significance of places. During the survey, archaeologists may use different types of tools specialized for this archaeological activity. Survey is further activity done after collecting data about the sites that will be used for the conducting archaeological project. A survey at http://18.104.22.168 can determine the next steps that need to be taken to proceed the project.
Archaeologists use various methods to survey the sites. A survey cannot be conducted in random places. There are criteria of what type of sites worth surveying for. An area that is worth of surveying is the one that has artifacts, oral sources, literary source, local knowledge, archaeological hypotheses, etc. This is how a survey using rational method is conducted. Then, there are also other methods used for surveying archaeological sites including map regression, aerial photography, etc.
An archaeological survey also needs permission before performed. The site may be owned privately. In this case, archaeologists need to obtain the landowner’s cooperation to perform the survey. Permission for non-intrusive survey tend to be easier to acquire. However, things are different with intrusive survey. The permission tends to be more difficult to acquire. It is because there are sensitive issues. Intrusive survey may lead to destroying property values or evidence. The issue also include the threat of lawsuit for damages made during the process of survey.