Some Best Female Archeologists as the Pioneers of Archeology World. Not only male Archeologists, but the world also has many famous female Archaeologists. Archeology is the study of the past (human) culture through a systematic study or material data left behind. The systematic study includes the discovery, documentation, analysis, and interpretation of data in the form of artifacts (material culture, such as stone axes and temple buildings) ecofacts (environmental objects, such as rocks, earth, and fossils) and features ( that cannot be released from their place (site archeology).
While Archaeologists are people who specifically study the culture of the past that is old, both in prehistoric times (before the writing is known) and in historical times (when there is written evidence). Because it depends on the objects of the past. So archaeologists really need the preservation of these objects as a source of data.
In the world, in fact, there are quite a number of women who become real female archeologists. Not only being an archeologist, but some of them also became pioneers in various fields in the world of archeology. Who are they?
This female archaeologist, Margaret Murray is a British archaeologist and scholar. He is known as one of the archaeological figures from the 19th century who played a role in the development of Egyptology (archeology of Ancient Egypt). In 1899, she taught archeology at University College London and became the first female archeology lecturer in England.
According to the International Archeology journal published in 2013, Murray briefly led various excavations carried out in Malta, Menorca, and Palestine.
Not only that, but Murray also became a mentor to other female archaeologists and worked with them. In addition, he is also one of the activists’ suffragettes, a movement to support women’s suffrage in Britain, as he wrote in his autobiography. The book is titled My First One Hundred Years.
Gertrude Bell was born in northern England and is the second woman to graduate from Oxford University in England. He then traveled around various archeological sites in the Middle East and explored various remote areas.
Together with his colleague, T.E. Lawrence, also better known as Lawrence of Arabia, was known as one of Europeans who were experts in Arabic culture throughout the early 20th century. Bell led various excavations in Syria and Iraq.
A geologist, paleontologist, and female Archaeologist, Gudrun Corvinus has carried out research and excavations in Asia and Africa. In 1970, Corvinus became part of a team of archaeologists in Ethiopia who discovered Lucy.
Corvinus later also discovered the Paleolithic site in Ethiopia which is one of the oldest archaeological evidence in the world. He has also discovered various Paleolithic sites in Nepal, India, and Tibet.
An intelligent woman named Honor Frost was the first archeologist to explore the field of archeology underwater thanks to her diving abilities. He also pioneered the excavation and reconstruction of sinking shipwrecks. Frost began his career working under Kathleen Kenyon in Jericho in 1957, then worked for Beirut’s Institut Français d’Archéologie in Lebanon.
In 1960, Frost began to combine his hobby of diving with archeology. He also had the chance to excavate shipwrecks in the Mediterranean and later found the castles of Alexander and Ptomely lost in the Port of Alexandria, according to the Foundation of Honor Frost.
Those best female Archaeologists in the World have made great discoveries in the world of archeology. So that we become aware of and understand about the understanding of the past (prehistoric) world.